About Boryspil airport
Boryspil International Airport State Enterprise is the largest and the busiest airport in Ukraine. It provides 62% of the passenger air traffic of Ukraine, and following the results of 2018, it has handled 12.6 million passengers.
Boryspil International Airport is a state commercial enterprise of civil aviation, founded on a state ownership and is subordinated to the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine.
Due to the active policy of air carriers attraction, over 60 national and foreign airlines operate flights to the Airport on more than 120 routes worldwide.
Boryspil Airport is the only airport of Ukraine, successfully competing with the large European hub airports. According to the Airports Council International (ACI EUROPE), in 2018 Boryspil was ranked first among the large European airports (top spot in the European Airports group, handling from 10 to 25 million passengers).
The Airport is a full member of the core international and national associations, such as Airports Council International Europe (Airports Council International; ACI EUROPE); Ukrainian Air Transport Association (UATA), Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Ukrainian Association for Quality, Transport Enterprise Employers Organization, Association of Taxpayers of Ukraine etc, and is guided by the standards and practices of the International Air Transport Association (IATA), International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
Boryspil is the largest and the busiest airport in Ukraine, providing most of air passenger traffic and much of cargo transportation.
Demand for the Airport services is maintained by the beneficial location at the intersection of numerous international transport routes (connecting Asia with Europe and America), proximity to the capital, availability of the modern infrastructure and introduction of the hub development strategy.
The Airport infrastructure includes two runways (4 km and 3.5 km long), allowing accommodation of all aircraft types, without limitations under weather and visibility conditions, as well as 2 full time operating terminals (D and F). Boryspil is the only airport in Ukraine, from which scheduled transcontinental flights are operated.
Boryspil Airport is constantly striving for improvement. The Airport develops infrastructure, attracts new airlines and enhances the quality of service. In 2019, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine approved the Concept of Boryspil International Airport Development for the period till 2045, the main priorities of which is infrastructure development and introduction of contemporary services.
The History of Boryspil Airport
With the development of jet aviation in the late 1950s, the requirements for quality of infrastructure increased. The leadership of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic and Civil Aviation Authorities were faced the issue of constructing an airport, capable of handling the aircraft with weight over 100 tonnes. In order to comply with safety standards and overcome restrictions for city airports, it was decided to build a new airport near the Air Force Complex next to the town of Boryspil. The availability of a highway there as well as a hard surface type runway and the possibility of a temporary base in common with the military was a great benefit.
On June 30, 1959, order No. 265 «On Establishment of a New Airport» was signed by the Head of the Civil Aviation Authority. And on July 7, 1959 the first flight was accepted. During the first year of its activity, which was initially carried out in field conditions (six tents) and later in temporary premises, Boryspil Airport took third place in terms of passenger traffic among Ukrainian airports (after Simferopol Airport and Zhuliany Airport). Since 1960, Boryspil Airport started handling of international flights to Budapest, Vienna and Sofia.
In 1961 Kyivproject Institute developed the design of the Airport terminal. Construction of the new terminal in Boryspil continued for three years. Earthworks were carried out simultaneously all over the whole perimeter of the terminal. The ground part was built in two stages: at first, the left and right wings were built, then the construction of the central part with the dome began. The terminal construction project covered an area of 20,300 m2. The length of the terminal reached 230 meters, the width – 50 meters, the volume – 107 500 m3 and the capacity – 1600 PHP. The main component of the terminal was the space under the dome. It consisted of concrete slabs each measuring 8.1 × 2.6 m weighing up to 5 tons. To raise the plates, the crane had to be installed on an earth embankment 7 meters high. The ceiling of the dome was covered with 1100 special acoustic panels (weight of each – 80 kg).
On May 20, 1965, Terminal B was unveiled and put into operation. The Airport runway was equipped for the automated landing of aircraft at Cat І. At that time, the capacity standards for international flights amounted to 200 passengers and for domestic flights – 1,400 passengers. Boryspil Airport was the second largest airport of the country after Domodedovo Moscow Airport and one of the largest in Europe.
Every year the number of passengers was rapidly increasing. This necessitated the construction of the second runway. In 1971, the second runway 18R / 36L 3.5 km long was launched. In addition, the following facilities were built: radio-electric workshops, a laboratory building of the ATB, a rescue station, a complex of secondary radar and radio navigation equipment and many other facilities.
In 1982, the construction of the automated air traffic control system in Ukraine, named “Strila”, began. It covered the entire territory of Ukraine and sufficiently facilitated the work of air traffic controllers and crews.
By 1990, Boryspil Airport had the best KPI among the Ukrainian airports. The crisis after the collapse of the USSR affected the Airport business. Thanks to the inverstors, it became possible to avoid the company close down. In September 1990, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine issued a regulation «On the Reconstruction of Boryspil Airport» that was of historic importance.
Pursuant to the Regulation, 60% of costs would be obtained from the investing companies. It provided a new impetus for the enterprise development: on 11 March 1993, Boryspil Airport became a State International Airport.
1 April 1993 was the date of the second legal establishment of Boryspil Airport. In accordance with the order of the Minister of Transport of Ukraine, Boryspil State International Airport was founded onsite Boryspil Aviation Enterprise as a legal entity, as well as Regional Central Offices of Ukrainian Airlines and Kyivcenteraero enterprise. It was also the year of a large-scale Terminal B reconstruction.
In 1995 Terminal C was opened for VIP passengers handling. In 1998, the President of ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) Dr. Assad Kotaite officially confirmed the status of the Airport training center as ICAO Aviation Security Training Centre.
In 2001, Runway No.1 was reconstructed. Funds were provided by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. It was the first EBRD credit for Ukraine. The previous runway was designed to carry liners with weight up to 47 ton, whilst after the mentioned reconstruction it was able to service any types of aircraft. Runway No.1 complies with ICAO requirements of III A category.
On September 2010 Terminal F was opened, the passenger throughput capacity of which amounted to 900 arriving and 900 departing passengers. This terminal was built as a temporary terminal with further modification to the cargo terminal, as at that time Terminal B was the only to handle regular flights, which was overloaded. Meanwhile, Terminal D was under construction, the terms of construction of which were constantly shifting.
In October 2013, as a result of a large downfall in the air transportation volumes, the management of the Airport decided to conserve Terminal F and transfer all international flights to Terminal B.
Terminal D was officially commissioned on 28 May 2012, and international flights were eventually transferred there. At the same time, domestic flights were still operated from Terminal B. Thus, Terminal D was operating with the minimum load for a long time. The reason was the necessity of reconstruction of the terminal to separate the flow into domestic and international flights.
At the beginning of December 2014, Terminal B was conserved and flights of all air carriers (both domestic and international) were transferred to be handled at Terminal D.
On 30 November 2018, Boryspil Airport was linked to Kyiv city via railway, enabling passengers to reach the city, avoiding road traffic jams.
At the end of March 2019, as a result of a high Terminal D load during the peak hours, Terminal F was reopened. This infrastructural object enabled expansion of ability to attract new air carriers, operating within different business models. In particular, it was more suitable for implementation of the low-cost technology of on-foot boarding. As a result, the Airport provided more flexible flights servicing, implemented technologies of regular, low-cost and charter carriers.
Boryspil International Airport passenger flow has been demonstrating stable growth as a result of the reforms, optimization of internal processes and implementation of the hub development strategy, since 2015.
By the results of 2016, total passenger traffic amounted to 8.65 million passengers, with the transfer passengers share amounting to 2.31 million.
In 2017, the Airport passenger traffic amounted to 10.6 million and according to the results of 2018 – 12.6 million passengers.
Generally, since 2014 and as of 2019, the passenger traffic had increased by 84%. Whilst, the transfer passengers share amounts to approximately 30% of the total passenger flow.
The Airport dynamic development was highly praised on the international level. Thus, in May 2018 Boryspil Airport topped the ACI Europe rating among the large European airports with passenger traffic from 10 to 25 million passengers.
In autumn 2018, Boryspil was recognized by the expert Flightstats rating. The Airport hit top 20 most punctual European airports.
In 2019, Boryspil International Airport was ranked third in the Best Eastern European Airports 2019 rating, conducted by the British Skytrax consulting company, as a few years in a row.
Boryspil Airport team is determined for further consolidation of position of the leading aviation hub of the Eastern Europe.